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dc.contributor.author Cushing, John E. en
dc.date.accessioned 2011-01-13T19:18:38Z en
dc.date.available 2011-01-13T19:18:38Z en
dc.date.issued 1993 en
dc.identifier.citation Cushing, John E. "The Carbonization of Vegetation Associated with "Fire Areas," Mammoth Remains and Hypothesized Activities of Early Man on the Northern Channel Islands." In: 3rd California Islands Symposium. 1987. 551-556. en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10139/3023 en
dc.description.abstract The carbonized vegetation associated with Pleistocene "fire areas" and mammoth and bird fossils on the Northern Channel Islands has been attributed to wildfires and to the cooking of mammoths by humans. This paper elaborates on the hypothesis (Cushing et al. 1986) that such carbonization occurred in groundwater. Fire and water carbonizations are compared. A search for methods which distinguish directly between residues of these two processes is reported as unsuccessful, leading to the conclusion that, as with interpreting radio-carbon dated material, research on i n situ circumstantial evidence is necessary in order to interpret carbonized residues as charcoal. en
dc.language.iso en_US en
dc.publisher National Park Service en
dc.subject California Islands en
dc.subject Channel Islands en
dc.subject Santa Cruz Island en
dc.subject San Miguel Island en
dc.subject Santa Rosa Island en
dc.subject fire en
dc.subject carbonization en
dc.subject groundwater en
dc.title The Carbonization of Vegetation Associated with "Fire Areas," Mammoth Remains and Hypothesized Activities of Early Man on the Northern Channel Islands en
dc.type Article en


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